Rulers of France after the French Revolution. Kings, emperors and presidents.
Napoleon II (1811 – 1832) was the son of Napoleon I and his second wife, Marie of Austria. Napoleon named his son emperor when he (Napoleon I) abdicated, but the child never actually ruled. He was “emperor” for just a few days in April 1814 and then for a month or so in June/July 1815. He was only 21 when he died.
Napoleon Bonaparte again, who overthrew the king, but then only 3 months later surrendered to the British and was transported to St Helena where he died in July 1815. Note : the nearby (ie near where I live) town of Rochefort is where he surrendered and he was kept overnight on nearby Ile d’Aix.
Napoleon III 1852 – 1870. He was the first president to be elected by popular vote, but in 1851 he took the throne and proclaimed himself king and emperor. He was the nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte. Overthrown and died in England
Louis XIX, son of Charles X, reign lasted 20 minutes ! Well, not really. Historians argue that he was king for the 20 minutes or so between the signature of the abdication of the previous king (his father) and the swearing-in of the new king (his son).
Henri d’Artois (Henri V), Comte de Chambord was just a child of nine when he became king; his reign lasted 3 months. Some historians argue that he was never really the king, but he was, even though a child and his reign short-lived. He was deposed by popular vote in favour of the last king, Louis-Philippe.
Oddly enough, although they got rid of their monarchy, and the French republic is one of which to be proud, the French are fascinated by royal families. Thier magazines positively groan at the seams with photos and articles on the British Royal Family. Second in line come the Monaco family, the nearest thing the French have got to royalty. After that come the royal households of the rest of Europe, all photographed and written about – and read – with gusto.
Catherine Broughton is a novelist. Her books are available on Amazon. She also owns and runs a holiday estate in France. Check out http://www.seasidefrance.com
click here for the last king of France
click here for Josephine Bonaparte